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Topography Map of China

 

Natural Environment

China has a varied topography, with mountainous areas, plateaux and hilly areas occupying 2/3 of the total land. The terrain of China slopes from west to east, forming a flight of three steps. The first step consists of the Qinghai-Xizang(Tibet) Plateau with an elevation of over 4000metres above sea level, where stand Mts. Kunlun,Mts. Tanggula, Mts. Gangdise,Mts. Nyainqentanglha,Mts. Karakorum. The second step includes the Yun-Gui Plateau, the Loess Plateau, Inner Mongolia Plateau, Tarim Basin, Jungar Basin and Sichuan Basin. The third step refers the vast area east of the Great Hinggan Ridge-Mt.Taihang-Mt.Wushan-Mt. Xuefeng, mainly consisting of the Main Three Plains and the hilly land including the Nanling Ridge, Great Hinggan Ridge, Changbai Mountain and Mt. Taiwan. Along the coast, there exist about 6000 islands, among which Taiwan Island is the largest.

China possesses numerous rivers and most of famous rivers rise in the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. The Changjiang(Yangtze) River,Huanghe River,together with the Lancang River, Zhujiang River, Huaihe River,Haihe River,Liaohe River and Heilongjiang River,belong to the Pacific river system, and the Nujiang River, Yarlung Zangbo River flow into the Indean Ocean, the Ertix River runs northward into the Arctic Ocean. The Grand Canal is the longest canal in the world, while the Tarim River is the longest continental river.

There exist more than 2800 lakes with a surface of over 1 km2. Most of the freshwater lakes amass in the middle and lower reaches of the Changjiang(Yangtze) River. Numerous salt lakes lie on the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, of which Qinghai Lake is the largest and Nam Co is a lake with the highest elevation in the world.

 

 

Topography Map of China

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Topography Map of China

 

 

 


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