to the west of the Zhujiang River estuary and standing opposite
Hong Kong , Macao comprises a
small , narrow peninsula projecting from Guangdong
Province and the islands of Taipa and Coloane. Area: 23.5 km2.
Macao has been an inalienable
part of the territory of China since ancient times, and was occupied
by portugal after the Opium War. According to the Sino-Portuguese
joint Declaration on April 13, 1987, China resumed the exercise
of sovereignty over Macao and founded Macao Special Administrative
Region on December 20, 1999.
peninsula and the islands consist of some small granite hills, with
limited areas of flatland. The highest point is on the Coloane Island.
There are no permanent rivers in Macao. Macao enjoys a subtropic
maritime monsoon climate. It has a hot and humid summer, but a delightful
winter. The annual mean temperature is 22.3°C. Four--fifths
of Macao's annual rainfall falls within the summer rainy season.
The annual average preciptation is 2031 mm. The main scenic spots
include Pagode Da Barra, S. Paulo Archway, Grand Fort, Pipal Garden.